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H2 has shown anti-inflammatory and antioxidant ability, and its application is recommended in the latest Chinese novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) treatment guidelines. H2 gas may protect the lungs and extrapulmonary organs from pathological stimuli in NCP patients. The potential mechanisms underlying the action of H2 gas are not clear. H2 gas may regulate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity, mitochondrial energy metabolism, endoplasmic reticulum stress, the immune system, and cell death (apoptosis, autophagy, pyroptosis, ferroptosis, and circadian clock, among others) and has therapeutic potential for many systemic diseases. This paper reviews the basic research and the latest clinical applications of H2 gas in multiorgan system diseases to establish strategies for the clinical treatment for various diseases.
Abstract: Oxidative stress (OS) and neuroinflammatory stress affect many neurological disorders.
Despite the clinical significance of oxidative damage in neurological disorders, still, no effective and safe treatment methods for neuro diseases are available. With this, molecular hydrogen (H2) has been recently reported as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent to treat several oxidative stressrelated diseases. In animal and human clinical trials, the routes for H2 administration are mainly categorized into three types: H2 gas inhalation, H2 water dissolving, andH2-dissolved saline injection.
This review explores some significant progress in research on H2 use in neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, neonatal disorders of the brain, and other NDs (retinal ischemia and traumatic brain injury). Even though most neurological problems are not currently curable, these studies have shown the therapeutic potential for prevention, treatment, and mitigation of H2 administration. Several possible H2-effectors, including cell signaling molecules and hormones, which prevent OS and inflammation, will also be addressed. However, more clinical and other related studies are required to evaluate the direct H2 target molecule.
Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been accepted to be an inert and nonfunctional molecule in our body. We have turned this concept by demonstrating that H2 reacts with strong oxidants such as hydroxyl radical in cells, and proposed its potential for preventive and therapeutic applications. H2 has a number of advantages exhibiting extensive effects: H2 rapidly diffuses into tissues and cells, and it is mild enough neither to disturb metabolic redox reactions nor to affect signaling reactive oxygen species; therefore, there should be no or little adverse effects of H2.
There are several methods to ingest or consume H2:
- inhaling H2 gas,
- drinking H2-dissolved water (H2-water),
- injecting H2-dissolved saline (H2-saline),
- taking an H2 bath, or
- dropping H2-saline into the eyes
H2 reduces oxidative stress not only by direct reactions with strong oxidants, but also indirectly by regulating various gene expressions. Moreover, by regulating the gene expressions, H2 functions as an anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic, and stimulates energy metabolism.
Since most drugs specifically act to their targets, H2 seems to differ from conventional pharmaceutical drugs. Owing to its great efficacy and lack of adverse effects, H2 has promising potential for clinical use against many diseases.
Hydrogen: A Potential New Adjuvant Therapy for COVID-19 Patients
Source: Ohsawa et al. (2007)
Hydrogen has been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hormone-regulating, and apoptosis-resistance properties, among others. Based on a review of the research, the use of hydrogen might reduce the destructive cytokine storm and lung injury caused by SARS-CoV-2 during COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) in the early stage, stimulating ropy sputum drainage, and ultimately reducing the incidence of severe disease. Molecular hydrogen treatment has the potential to become a new adjuvant therapy for COVID-19, but its efficacy and safety require large clinical trials and further confirmation.
Wat ziet u hier? Wuhan, 24 februarie 2020, dus zeer kort na de uitbraak van corona. De video werd geüpload via het Youtubekanaal van Professor Pablo Campra Madrid. Wat heeft waterstof te maken met chloordioxide? Antwoord: niets. Maar dezelfde professor publiceerde ook het rapport waaruit blijkt dat MMS/CDS-protocollen met chloordioxide niet giftig zijn.
Hydrogen Research Links:
- https://eagle-research.life/ a lot of info
- 2012: Molecular hydrogen as an emerging therapeutic medical gas for neurodegenerative and other diseases: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22720117/
- Apparatus and method for producing hydrogen-dissolved drinking water: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/302660801_Apparatus_and_method_for_producing_hydrogen-dissolved_drinking_water
- Hydrogen-supplemented drinking water, just soda or an elixir of life?*: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233392463_Hydrogen-supplemented_drinking_water_just_soda_or_an_elixir_of_life
- Hydrogen in drinking water reduces dopaminergic neuronal loss in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine mouse model of Parkinson's disease: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19789628/
- Molecular hydrogen in sports medicine: new therapeutic perspectives: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25525953/
- Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17486089/
- Therapeutic Efficacy of Molecular Hydrogen: A New Mechanistic Insight: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31057105/
- The Clinical Application of Hydrogen as a Medical Treatment: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27777424/
- Molecular hydrogen as a preventive and therapeutic medical gas: initiation, development and potential of hydrogen medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24769081/
- Therapeutic effects of hydrogen on chronic graft-versus-host disease: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28374556/
- The preventive and therapeutic effects of molecular hydrogen in ocular diseases and injuries where oxidative stress is involved: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30773939/
- Recent advances in hydrogen research as a therapeutic medical gas: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20815764/
- A New Approach for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disorders. Molecular Hydrogen Significantly Reduces the Effects of Oxidative Stress: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31159153/
- Drinking hydrogen water enhances endurance and relieves psychometric fatigue: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31251888/
- Hydrogen gas presents a promising therapeutic strategy for sepsis: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24829918/
- Hydrogen in Drinking Water Reduces Brain Edema after Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/285291101_Hydrogen_in_Drinking_Water_Reduces_Brain_Edema_after_Traumatic_Brain_Injury_in_Mice
- Effects of drinking hydrogen-rich water on the quality of life of patients treated with radiotherapy for liver tumors: https://medicalgasresearch.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2045-9912-1-11
- Hydrogen in drinking water attenuates noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304394010012930
- Inadequate Production of H2 by Gut Microbiota and Parkinson Disease: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1043276018300274